Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects 1 in 58 children. The signs and symptoms of Autism may be obvious or subtle. They involve impairments in communication skills, especially those related to social contexts, development of social relationships, and concerns about repetitive behaviors or restricted interests as well as sensory concerns.
Symptoms or signs of Autism in younger children may include:
- Difficulty making eye contact
- Lack of response to his/her name
- Lack of showing or sharing experiences/enjoyment with others
- Preference to play alone rather than with others
- Repetitive behaviors or restricted interest
- Difficulty with changes in routines
Older Children and Adolescents
Symptoms or signs of Autism in older children/adolescents may include all of the symptoms listed above as well as:
- Difficulty with understanding the emotions of others
- Difficulty with understanding social nuances or reading social cues
- An interest in playing/interacting with others but unusual or awkward social initiations
- Difficulty with maintaining social interactions (e.g., maintaining a conversation, knowing how to end a conversation)
- An interest in only talking about their experiences or interests with little interest in learning about others.